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Annex:
 
The application of biolubricants
in commercial vehicles

Annex:
Application of concrete release 
agents in civil engineering and 
utility construction
 

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Areas of Application
 
Below you will find an overview of a number of possible applications for biolubricants.
 
 Central lubrication systems of lorries and buses: the lubrication points of lorries and buses are lubricated with semi-fluid greases. These are not circulating oil systems but total loss lubrication systems. 


 Hydraulic systems:
The oil in hydraulic systems has (among other things) the task of transferring pressure. The pressure in hydraulic systems can rise to hundreds of bars. For this reason, incidental hose rupture and leakage cannot always be prevented. Such systems appear in agricultural machines, garbage trucks, road construction vehicles, dredging vehicles, sluices, moveable bridges and dams. 


  Two-stroke engines:
An important drive source for small equipment for park and landscape management and for outboard motors. In the two-stroke engine oil and fuel is mixed and burned together.Therefore responsible for diffuse emission of oil into the environment.
 

  Rail Lubrication:
Curves in the rails of tram and railways are lubricated with oil or grease in order to limit abrasion and noise. These lubricants are distributed by the wheel flanges of the vehicles and are capable of polluting large areas. 


  Chain drives: Power is often conveyed by chains. Chains need regular lubrication. This is another total loss lubrication system. 




  Steel cables: Similar to chains, steel cables are lubricated in order to improve service life and safety. These lubricants eventually end up in the environment.
 

  Open gear drives: drives with open or semi-enclosed gears may pollute the environment, since they are a total loss lubrication system. 


  Screw Axes: In aquatic sports and in seafaring many screw axes are lubricated with consumable lubricants of either grease or oil. 



 Concrete release agents: Concrete release agents or oils are a form of total loss lubrication. The oil used for the release of concrete moulds and formwork ends up in the environment after use. With regard to Health and Safety, the use of biolubricants has the added advantage of containing less volatile organic compounds (VOCs).

 Open lubrication points on production machines and transport systems: Many open lubrication points of production machines and transport systems are lubricated with oil or grease; sometimes by central lubrication systems. 



  Chainsaws: The chain is lubricated and the lubricant is consumed. If the chainsaw has a two-stroke engine, the drive motor will also cause a diffuse emission of oil into the environment.
 
 
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